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Work Package One

A common strategic understanding of the requirements of the energy system to support mass EV uptake.

There are a wide range of stakeholders from different sectors involved in ensuring the GB energy system is ready for and able to best exploit the mass take up of electric vehicles. Work Package 1 aims to provide a perspective on the following:

  • Gaining a common understanding of the relative importance of the impacts that need to be addressed (e.g. reducing peak demand, reducing network reinforcement).
  • Establishing where financial benefits accrue, and risk is held, under different investment approaches.
  • What the appropriate balance is between regulation and market mechanisms to encourage innovation.
  • Holistic view of the energy system and how it may evolve. How to take can account for wider energy system changes, for example, decarbonising heat and decentralised power generation.
  • How to ensure that the needs of EV and energy users are simultaneously met.

Work Package 1 will take account of the following:

  • Activity Ofgem is leading regarding market arrangements,
  • National Grid’s Future Energy Scenarios as a basis to quantify future projections against which to develop proposals, and
  • National Infrastructure Commission’s National Infrastructure Assessment.

Working Definitions:

  • Smart charging refers to shifting demand and procuring flexibility (including V2G) in response to a signal such as price.

Specific questions

Work Package 1 should consider the following specific questions:

  1. How can we ensure that the local network effects of EV uptake in the near term (i.e. before smart meters and smart tariffs are fully offered) and long term are managed in an effective and efficient way?
  2. What are the barriers for EVs (in terms of smart charging and V2G) accessing the energy markets?
  3. Are changes required to metering/supply arrangements to accommodate new innovative business models associated with EV charging infrastructure, whilst ensuring that consumers’ interests are protected?
  4. How applicable are international examples (e.g. California, Norway) to GB in terms of overcoming network constraints and the adoption of smart charging?
  5. Where do the investment opportunities lie, including for smart and V2G? Is intervention required? Are there opportunities to optimise costs or improve amenity that aren’t being progressed? Are interventions needed help overcome barriers?
  6. How can we ensure that EV charging works in harmony with other changes to the energy system, such as decarbonising heat (especially if we don’t know what these changes will be)?
  7. What can be agreed about the shared long-term vision for the energy system requirements for mass EV uptake (e.g. the market arrangements, where the benefits will accrue and where costs should fall)?